Allograft Processing Bags


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allograft textile pouch


  • Medical grade materials – ISO 10993 biocompatibility
  • Polypropylene and Polyester
  • Off the shelf materials
    • Pore sizes ranging from .05mm to 4.0mm
    • Multiple mesh weight and knit formats available
    • ETO or steam Autoclave sterilization compatible
  • Customizable based on customer needs
    • Pore size of mesh
    • Size of bags
  • Particulate-free edges
  • Packaged individually or bulk
  • Pre-package washing option
  • Shipped sterilized


  • Demineralize Bone Matrix
  • In-Process Tissue Handling
  • Packaging
Medical mesh sheets


Allograft Processing Materials
Material Polypropylene Polyester
Construction Knit Weave
Applications Demineralization
Tissue Carriers
In-line Filtration
Centrifuge Liners
Tissue Carriers
In-line Filtration
Centrifuge Liners
Pore Sizes (mm) .8 – 4.0 .0050 – 3.0
Dimensional Integrity Compliant Stable
Sterilization Tolerance Eto
Hemolysis Pass Pass
Cytotoxicity Pass Pass
Intracutaneous Toxicity Pass Pass
LAL Pass Pass

Biomedical Textiles Devices


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overlapping textiles on surface

Biomedical Textile Devices

J-Pac is a leading manufacturer of biomedical textile devices, many of which must adhere to stringent anatomical geometries. We manufacture implantable-class textile based devices in four Class 7 clean rooms which contain customized equipment allowing 3D shaping without altering the base geometry and strength of the textile material.

Our textile products are often combined with other sterile devices in custom, ready-to-use sterile procedure kits that are designed and manufactured in-house on our thermoforming equipment. All our manufacturing processes are validated. Our capabilities also include custom fabricated mesh bags and filters for tissue bank allograft processing. These mesh bags and filters are manufactured and sterilized to the highest quality standards to improve cleanliness and adhere to FDA guidelines.

Our Unique Capabilities

J-Pac has developed unique manufacturing processes that allow customers to achieve anatomically correct shaped textiles with particulate-free, smooth edges that prevent irritation of the surrounding tissue.

Our processes include 3D forming, welding, sewing, and bonding an array of textile materials without altering the base properties of the raw material. In fact, we are able to increase the strength of the material at the joints and increase stability in many cases.

  • Anatomically correct formed textiles
  • Particulate free
  • Smooth edges to prevent tissue irritation
  • Processing to prevent suture pull-out
  • Bio-absorbable processing

Case Study: Implant Textiles

The Challenge

A Medical Device company with a broad presence in the soft tissue repair surgical segment came to J-Pac with a challenge to manufacture a 3-Dimensional shaped, multi-component textile implant.

The company had prototyped the product, but had failed to find a suitable manufacturer after a global search.

Our Solution

J-Pac Medical provided the tooling, equipment and validated processes to pressure form and assemble the textile implant, as well as provide it with a custom edge treatment designed to enhance tissue passage and reduce particulate.

The implant was provided to the customer in a tray/lid primary package put-up, also manufactured by J-Pac Medical.

The Results

The company achieved first to market status with an innovative design that became the leading mesh technology in the market.

Heat formed biomedical textile implant

Choosing the Right Partner for Optimized Medical Textile Implant Manufacturing


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medical textile implants held by gloved hands

Medical-grade textiles have been proven to deliver the high degree of versatility and performance that OEMs need to create implantable devices that best meet the needs of today’s surgeons – and patients. As a result, the market for medical textiles is rapidly growing.

Although textile structures have been utilized in certain surgical procedures for decades, recent technology innovations are allowing textile devices to serve greater purposes and be a successful option for a broader range of medical applications.

Understanding the most important factors that go into textile implant manufacturing can help OEMs ensure that the best final product is designed to meet the needs of their end-user. Selecting a single source partner such as J-Pac Medical to oversee devices from inception to manufacturing, through packaging and sterilization, reduces the complexity and likelihood of human error from having multiple partners involved in development and across the supply chain.

Enabling Better Medical Implants Using Medical Textiles

Surgical implant optimization is being pushed out of the operating room and into the device manufacturing process, with heavy reliance now being placed on the device manufacturer to provide a product that is ready to implant with little or no revision needed by the surgeon.

Textile Allograft Bag

Medical textiles are emerging as an ideal option for creating more “active” device forms like resorbable or drug / device combination products. Resorbable textiles will break down naturally in the body post-implantation, which supports improved clinical outcomes by eliminating foreign material in the body and any need for additional implant removal procedures. These implants can be customized into unique anatomical shapes and incorporate various chemistries that can help direct the healing process and reduce potential complications, such as infection. Additionally, resorbable textile implants don’t interfere with imaging and radiotherapy like other permanent implants may.

Resorbable textile implants have already gained a foothold in the orthopedics market as an ideal option to aid in tissue regeneration and strength building at the surgical site. Textiles are also frequently used in sports medicine, trauma, wound management, tissue replacement, plastic surgery, women’s health, and neural and endoscopy applications.

Critical Medical Textile Implant Considerations

Heat formed biomedical textile implant

Taking a raw textile material and transforming it into an optimal medical implant is a complex process. There are many important considerations that must go in to medical textile implant manufacturing in order to ultimately create devices that are effective and fit for purpose. Choosing a qualified partner like J-Pac Medical early in the development process that understands and brings expertise in critical areas such as manufacturing, packaging and sterilization for textile-based implants ultimately saves OEMs time and money by reducing unexpected issues later on.

Correctness of the Shape

Resorbable and non-resorbable polymers can be used to create implantable textile devices that are custom-shaped to meet specific anatomical and biological requirements, as well as facilitate shape transformation in situ. Customization of an implant’s shape by the manufacturer can also reduce surgical procedure time by minimizing or eliminating currently needed intraoperative adjustments, and can also provide surgical repairs with reductions in tension inherent with noncustomized implants. The value of a pre-shaped textile implant has been most notably demonstrated in the area of hernia repair, but potential applications exist across general, cardiovascular and orthopedic surgical applications.

J-Pac Medical can develop textiles in two-dimensional and three-dimensional implantable forms in any number of configurations. The company further understands the unique needs of different surgical applications and can offer strategic counsel in the product development phase – coupled with the necessary process capabilities including precision cutting, shaping, forming and assembly capabilities during manufacturing which can optimize implant performance for purpose.

Specialized textile engineering techniques enable J-Pac Medical to capitalize on the unique properties of different materials. Braiding, weaving, knitting and non-woven textile manufacturing processes help to significantly enhance strength, texture, flexibility, and other performance characteristics for customized device requirements. For engineers, the possibilities for improved mechanical performance and anatomical accuracy are limitless, which will ultimately benefit the patient.

Interface to instrumentation to support minimally invasive methodologies

A textile-based implant is only completed when it is coupled with a methodology to place the device properly in-situ in the most minimally invasive manner possible. In meeting this objective, it is sometimes necessary to add attachments to what will be the final implant that will interface effectively with needed instrumentation. These attachments to the implant are removed post-implantation, but nonetheless are critical to an optimized implantation procedure.

The same cutting, shaping and forming capabilities that drive the manufacture of an anatomically correct textile implant can also support this critical instrument integration and needed deployment features that can minimize the invasiveness of any given implantation method.

Integration of different materials

textile mesh

One of the greatest benefits of implantable textile devices is that they can be patient-specific and developed for specialized end-user needs. Devices can be made entirely of absorbable components or of a combination of resorbable and nonresorbable parts. They can even be used for controlled delivery of drug or biological agents directly at the site of implantation.

It is important to choose the right textile materials and manufacturing partner to optimize the performance of the finished device for its intended purpose. J-Pac Medical’s team has the expertise to work with different types of materials – even hard to handle materials – and incorporate multiple materials into a device when beneficial for more optimized implants. Using thermal processing capabilities as a foundation for material manipulation, supported by a blend of tooling, materials, automation, and process expertise will result in more innovative solutions to complex customer challenges.

In instances where resorbable and/or lyophilized materials are included in the implant, the manufacturer should utilize low humidity clean room manufacturing environments (dry rooms) to extend the WIP Time (Open Exposure Time) for materials and components that are moisture sensitive, and also to drive product consistency that can be impacted by uncontrolled humidity. J-Pac has production controls in place to negate any product impact that can be brought on by overexposure to humidity.

Customized Edge Treatments

Textile mesh tubes

Most textiles are produced in a bulk form as rolls, sheets, or reels of all sorts of multi-filament woven, knitted or braided textiles. Traditional cutting processes are capable of providing a unit/part with the proper length or outline but in a manner that allows the ends of textiles to fray, making the edges of the implant rough, and potentially generating particulate or degrading the textile’s structural integrity.

J-Pac Medical has cutting methods that will create semi-sealed edges on cut parts that drastically reduce the amount of particulate, and greatly enhance the “surgical hand” of the implant by creating smoother, more flexible, cleaner and more structurally stable implants with improved tissue passage characteristics that significantly benefit both the patient and the surgical team.

Optimized edge treatment processes during manufacturing can offer broader benefits that may include:

  • Enhanced edge quality of implantable medical textiles, which may minimizes tissue inflammation and scar tissue formation
  • Reinforced edge feature that can enhance stability and suture pull-out
  • Integrated deployment feature that can enable device delivery through cannula
  • Smoother edge to enhance tissue passage
  • Advance manufacturability of the finished device, which reduces component preparation time within the overall device assembly process.

Packaging and Sterilization

For implants that incorporate resorbable materials, the packaging must provide the necessary barrier to ensure efficacy over the claimed shelf life. These barrier put-ups may also incorporate modified atmosphere (gas-flushed) packaging in order to extend shelf life, and/or can include desiccants and scavengers to gain the same outcome.

formed dome textile

For implants that incorporate a three-dimensional shape, the package must protect and maintain the desired anatomical shape. The package not only must protect the implant through distribution and while on the shelf, but also must provide an intuitive and convenient platform to support sterile delivery technique in surgery.

If the implant is provided with instruments to be used during implantation, the packaging also needs to support the intended use of these instruments and aid the nursing staff and surgical team to gain easy access in the order the items are needed.

Regarding sterilization, in instances where actives (drug/device combinations) and/or a combination of resorbable and nonresorbable polymers are in use in a single device, a package format and flow may need to be developed to accommodate multiple sterilization flows such that each polymer chemistry present is sterilized in a manner not detrimental to its ultimate performance. In some cases, it may be necessary to perform separate sterilization flows for various components of the implant that are mated downstream in the supply chain to assemble the final kit. While these instances are not common, they will become more relevant as actives are incorporated into that textile implants.

J-Pac Medical’s sterilization services are conducted and validated in close collaboration with our trusted strategic partners to deliver market-ready products to customers. Sterilization methods include Eto, Gamma, VHP, and autoclave and among others.

J-Pac Medical: The Right Medical Textile Manufacturing Partner for OEMS

There are a broad set of requirements to be considered in the effort to develop and implement an optimized textile implant. As OEMs consider a manufacturer for medical textile implants, all the aspects that have been presented here must be considered. With the large number of integrated potential issues, partnering with a supplier like J-Pac Medical that has experience with all aspects of medical textile device manufacturing, including packaging and sterilization, can pay dividends through the entire product lifecycle.

With more than a decade of expertise in the manipulation of rolls and sheets of medical grade polymers and a reputation for excellence in manufacturing with difficult to handle materials, J-Pac Medical is able to produce the highest quality two-dimensional or three-dimensional implantable textile devices custom-shaped to meet specific anatomical and biological requirements.

Die cut and laser cut medical textiles

J-Pac Medical provides forming, cutting and assembly capabilities for biomedical textiles and films backed by the extensive expertise needed to create two- or three- dimensional shapes with woven, knitted, braided or non-woven textiles, films, and more.

With efficient processing capabilities for delicate, brittle films and materials that meet industry standards, J-Pac Medical is able to achieve material utilization of 85% or better, which increases the efficiency of production, reduces waste, and decreases cost to the customer.

The benefits of partnering with J-Pac Medical to manufacture implantable textile devices include:

  • Reducing overhead for legacy products
  • Freeing-up internal capacity
  • Working with a single point of contact from start to finish, allowing potential obstacles to be identified and over come before delivery schedules are delayed
  • Ability to form complex two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes
  • Cutting overall costs
  • Proven Class II/III compliance and adherence to stringent quality and validation standards at every step of the supply chain.

J-Pac Medical has experience including, but not limited to, developing:

  • Hernia repair products
  • Nerve conduits
  • Cardiovascular plugs
  • Heart valve sewing cuffs
  • Collapsible orthopedic anchors
  • Diabetic wound care tissue scaffolds
  • Osteoconductive bone grafts
  • Scoliosis correction devices
  • Suture loops
  • Sternal closure devices
  • Partially to fully resorbable soft tissue repair products
  • Drug and device combination products

By working with J-Pac Medical from start to finish, consistent quality management, validation, tracking and reporting processes can be applied at every stage from development to manufacturing. The packaging of implantable textiles devices will also provide assurance of a high quality end product fit for the stringent demands of the medical market.

About J-Pac Medical

J-Pac Medical is a trusted manufacturing and packaging outsourcing partner to medical device and diagnostic companies seeking to deliver superior quality, improve time-to-market and simplify the supply chain for single-use medical devices. With more than 30 years of experience in complex thermoplastic devices and packaging, J-Pac Medical has the unique technology that allows it to manufacture anatomically correct, class III implantable textile assemblies, lab-on-chip reagent blisters, and complex thermoformed packaging. Additionally, the company offers full-service supply chain management, packaging and sterilization.

The largest medical device companies in the world rely on J-Pac Medical to help meet the most difficult development, manufacturing, and logistics and supply chain challenges.

J-Pac Medical is FDA Registered (#1221051) as a Medical Device Manufacturer and a Device Labeller/Relabeller; and Certified to ISO 13485 standards through BSI.

Resorbable Polymer Implants: Attention to WIP Exposure


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Hernia repair textiles


This white paper is meant to identify critical considerations related to WIP Exposure vulnerabilities of resorbable polymers. A structured and disciplined assessment of the different contributors to the Overall Exposure Risk will enable a fact based decision pathway that will result in the establishment of a repeatable and capable manufacturing, packaging and sterilization processes that reduce device degradation. The result will be a consistently performing, efficacious product with optimized shelf life.

Background and Challenges

Implants that are made from resorbable polymers offer the ideal scenario for surgical repair. The device provides support to a surgically repaired site to enable critical wound healing of the affected tissues, and then the implant is absorbed by the body through routine body functions. No mass from the implant remains once it is totally absorbed.

The challenging part is that the same sensitivity of the polymer to breakdown in the human body is also taking place during the fabrication, packaging and sterilization of the device. This degradation occurs during manufacturing processing time (Work-In-Process) and needs to be assessed and controlled in order to provide a consistently performing resorbable polymer implant with an optimized expiry dating claim.

A broad range of resorbable polymers are available that display total absorption profiles from roughly 2 weeks up to 2 years. These polymers include Polyglycolide (PGA), Polylactide (PLA), and Polydioxanone (PDO) just to name a few. The decomposition of these materials can be driven most notably by moisture and/or Oxygen, but also can include sensitivities to light, heat, and other factors. The shorter the critical wound healing time the polymer is designed to accommodate, the more critical WIP Exposure control will be to the overall performance of the resorbable implant.

Manufacturing Requirements

The manufacturing and supply chain of a typical resorbable implant will include polymerizationextrusion or injection moldingkitting with other componentspackagingsterilization, and distribution. All these areas of production can negatively affect the ultimate performance of the device if exposure to environmental elements is not limited. A systematic understanding of the link between WIP Exposure and Product Performance/Shelf Life can be established, and controls put in place to ensure identified WIP Exposure limits are not exceeded.

As part of polymer and product development, a WIP exposure study should be performed to establish data that links WIP exposure to implant performance and Shelf Life. The goal is to set acceptable “WIP Exposure” windows for each critical assembly process step such that a documented overall exposure time will be established that will ensure finished product that is compliant to performance and shelf life claims. These WIP exposure windows should be challenged individually and sequentially through the supply chain (low and high exposure at each step), and implant efficacy measured as determined to set viable limits. Once limits are established, a WIP Exposure Log should be maintained for each processing step such that overall exposure is known for each lot/sub-lot of resorbable product. This exposure log can identify lots that may be at risk towards the end of the supply chain such that special handling may be instituted to ensure the Overall Exposure Limit is not exceeded. The WIP Exposure Log should be maintained as part of the Device History Record (DHR).

In establishing and controlling WIP exposure, there are a number of methods that can be utilized that will minimize polymer degradation:

  • A manufacturing dry clean room that maintains low humidity as an ambient condition will help to limit WIP Exposure Degradation.
  • For most resorbable polymer products, a dry nitrogen environment will stop or significantly slow any ongoing degradation. A nitrogen storage chamber should be available to store exposed product in case of unanticipated delays/stoppages in processing. In addition, flowing nitrogen over any exposed resorbable product can inhibit the impact of moisture and oxygen in the ambient environment.
  • In most cases, Nitrogen-flushed foil pouches provide an effective storage and shipping format for the in-process resorbable implants.
  • The resorbable components should be packaged in small quantities within a larger processing lot such that only a small number of components are exposed at any one time. The key to a successful flow is the rapid processing of product once opened to the environment, and the rapid return of product to barrier packaging that will slow or stop the degradation clock.
  • Minimize handoffs where at all possible. It is more desirable to perform all functions in a single facility than it is to be shipping these sensitive products from site to site.
  • Refrigeration of packaged, in-process resorbable components can also help to maintain implant efficacy.

Sterilization Optimization

Most of the resorbable polymer implants are sterilized via Ethylene Oxide (Eto). This presents the challenge of providing a breathable packaging format that performs through the sterilization cycle, but the need remains for a high barrier final format that will maintain a dry, and possibly alternate gas (like Nitrogen) environment that will maintain implant efficacy. Additionally, the packaged product must perform through transit and distribution, and provide easy aseptic transfer in the OR.

Additionally, the Eto Process itself will impact resorbable polymers. The Eto process utilizes steam to raise the load temperature and create the most advantageous environment for Eto sterilization to take place. With this introduced steam entering the package and impacting the resorbable implant, it is important that the overall cycle be developed to minimize any latent moisture that might remain in the package post processing. This can be accommodated through extended aeration, or with the addition of some sort of drying/vacuum drying cycle.

Unique Packaging Requirements

Historically, a Foil to Foil Pouch with Tyvek Header has been the preferred package format for resorbable products. This format can provide the needed barrier properties discussed above, but typically requires intricate inner packaging components to provide protection to the product and enable aseptic transfer. This format is especially complex when the resorbable implant is packaged with an inserter and/or other instrumentation that requires a 3-Dimensional infrastructure within the pouch.

Most recently, vented tray concepts are in development that provide the protection and handling simplicity of a tray that incorporates an easily placed barrier patch over vent to complete the barrier package post sterilization. This format incorporates all the performance advantages of a rigid tray/lid package while providing the final barrier packaging seal convenience of the header bag.

Process Controls to Reduce Degradation

With packaging identified, the logistics of integrating WIP Exposure Controls to the Eto Flow becomes a critical concern. With any product destined for Eto Processing, the package feature that allows for the Eto Sterilant to enter and exit the package will also allow for moisture and oxygen to enter the package and potentially impact the resorbable implant. If the Eto Sterilization is not on site, then shipping to the sterilizer must be orchestrated such that a minimum amount of time is spent in transit and in queue at the sterilizer so as to minimize this portion of WIP Exposure. As most sterilizers will not create the final barrier seal in any package format, the product will also need to be returned post-processing in an expedient manner again to minimize WIP Exposure.

About the Author

Rick Crane has more than 30 years of experience in the healthcare products industry. He brings strong general management skills demonstrated across operations, R&D, program management, technical sales, and marketing organizations. Crane is an Ameristar Packaging Competition Gold Star Award Winner for Medical Device Package of the Year, and is a patent holder. He has a Bachelor of Science from Ursinus College.

About J-Pac Medical

J-Pac Medical is a manufacturing outsourcing partner to medical device OEM’s seeking a faster time-to-market and dependable long-term supply. We specialize in single-use medical devicesbiomaterial implants, and lab-on-chip diagnostic consumables. J-Pac delivers a validated end-of-line solution for package design, cleanroom assembly, sterilization, and supply chain management. We are FDA registered and certified to ISO 13485:2016.

Implant Textiles


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The Challenge

A Medical Device company with a broad presence in the soft tissue repair surgical segment came to J-Pac with a challenge to manufacture a 3-Dimensional shaped, multi-component textile implant.

The company had prototyped the product, but had failed to find a suitable manufacturer after a global search.

Our Solutions

J-Pac Medical provided the tooling, equipment and validated processes to pressure form and assemble the textile implant, as well as provide it with a custom edge treatment designed to enhance tissue passage and reduce particulate.

The implant was provided to the customer in a tray/lid primary package put-up, also manufactured by J-Pac Medical.

The Results

The company achieved first to market status with an innovative design that became the leading mesh technology in the market.